Types of Cannabis

How Cannabis Works


Indica plants are usually under six feet tall and are typically shorter than Sativa plants. They have wider leaves and shorter flowering cycles, and are more hospitable to colder climates. They’re also known for higher yields.


Sativa plants are usually taller than Indica plants, thei rleaves are often skinnier and they tend to have longer flowering cycles and lower yields. A warmer climate maybe required for growing sativa plants than for growing Indica plants.


Hybrid cannabis strains come from crossbreeds of Indica and Sativa plants, and can be Indica- or Sativa-dominant depending on their genetics. The term “hybrid” can also refer to a crossbreed of two Indica strains or two sativa strains.

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What Is THC?

Of the more than 100 cannabinoids in the cannabis plant, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the one principally responsible for the psychoactive and intoxicating effects of cannabis consumption. Live cannabis plants contain tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA), the non-active version of this compound.

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What Is CBD?

Cannabidiol (CBD) is the most common cannabinoid in cannabis, and although it can have an effect on both mind and body, it has little to no intoxicating effect. It’s found in the trichomes on the flower of many cannabis strains, including hemp.

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What Are Terpenes?

Cannabis gets its scent from compounds in the plants called terpenes. Terpenes are fragrant oils found in many types of plants, especially coniferous (evergreen) varieties. The chemical compounds they secrete give fruits, vegetables, flowers and herbs their signature scents. There are over 100 identified terpenes, many of which are unique to the cannabis plant.

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